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h-N-\m-[n-jvTn-Xamb It¯m-en¡m hnizmkw.
{InkvXptI{µo-Ir-X-amb hnizmkw
{InkvXp Øm]n¨ k`
h-N-\m-[n-jvTn-X-amb hnizmkw
hnip² IpÀ_m\
]utcm-lnXyw
]cn-ip² I\yIm-a-dnbw
hnip-²À
{]Xn-a-IÄ,- sIm-¯p-]-Wn-IÄ
Xncp-ti-jn-¸p-IÄ
IqZm-i-IÄ
{_Ò-Ncyw
ssZh-h-N-\m-[n-jvTn-X-amb {]mÀ°-\-IÄ
{]mÀ°-\-bn-e-Sn-bp-d¨ Po-hnXw
BapJw
{]mÀ°\m-[n-jvTn-X- Pohn-Xw
{]mÀ°-\bpsS Bh-iyhpw e£yhpw
]cn-ip-²m-ßmhv F¶ Zm\w
F§s\ {]mÀ°n-¡Ww
Ft¸m-sgms¡ {]mÀ°n-¡Ww
F´n-s\m-s¡-thWvSn {]mÀ°n-¡Ww
a[y-Ø-{]mÀ°\
{]mÀ°\ tIÄ¡p¶ ssZhw
{]mÀ°-\-bpsS iàn
Gähpw henb {]mÀ°\
Nmh-d-¸n-Xm-hnsâ {]mÀ°\mZÀi\w
Nne {]mÀ°\-þ-[ym-\-co-XnIÄ
kam-]\w

iàn \ÂIp¶ Znhy -Hm-Ivkn-P³

I®pw ImXpw ]q«n [ym\-¯n ebn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p B d_v_n. At¸m-gmWp bphm-hmb sabvtam³ At§m«p IS-¶p-sN-¶Xv. sabvtamsâ km¶n[yw a\-kn-em-¡nb dºn I®p Xpd¶p tNmZy-`m-h-¯n B bphm-hns\ t\m¡n.At¸mÄ sabvtam³ BZ-c-]qÀhw tNmZn¨p:""F´n-s\-¡p-dn-¨mWv A§p [ym\n¨p-sIm-WvSn-cp-¶Xv?''’’At±lw ]dªp: “""F\n-s¡mcp kvt\ln-X-\pWvSv. ASp-¯-Im-ew-hsc AbmÄ icn¡pw A[zm-\n¨p Pohn¨p. AXnsâ ^ehpw ImWm-\p-WvSm-bn-cp¶p. AbmÄ¡m-h-iy-ap-WvSm-bn-cp-¶-h-sbÃmw Xsâ tPmen hgn k¼m-Zn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨n-cp¶p. F¶mÂ, ASp-¯-Im-e-¯mbn AbmÄ tPmen-sbÃmw Dt]-£n¨v shdp-sX-bn-cn-¸mWv.''’’

 ""F´m AbmÄ¡p {`m´mtWm?''’’ sNdp-¸-¡m-c³ CS-bv¡p-I-bdn tNmZn¨p. At¸mÄ dºn ]dªp: “""CÃ,  {`ms´m-¶p-anÃ. Adnhpw ssZh-`-b-hp-sam-s¡-bpÅ Bfm-W-bmÄ. ]t£, ASp-¯-Im-e-¯mbn Abm-fn hÃm-s¯mcp amäw ImWm-\pWvSv. AbmÄ tNmZn-¡p-I-bmWv: ""ssZhw FÃm Ign-hpap-Å-bm-ftÃ? \ap¡v thWvS-sXms¡ tNmZn-¡msX Xs¶ Ahn-Sp-t¯¡p Xcm-atÃm. Rm³ F´n\p shdpsX A[zm-\n¨v FsÃm-Sn-¡Ww? Ahn-Sp¶v F\n¡p thWvS-sXms¡ Xcs«.''’’

""]t£, CXp ssZhs¯ ]co-£n-¡p-¶-Xn\p Xpey-atÃ?''’ sNdp-¸-¡m-c³ tNmZn¨p. ""A§v CXp-hsc A¡mcyw ]d-ªp-sIm-Sp-¯ntÃ?''’’

""CÃ,''’dºn Hcp ]p©n-cn-tbmsS ]dªp. “F¶mÂ, Rm\-¡mcyw DSt\ ]d-bm³ t]mhp-I-bmWv. sabvtam³, Rm³ \ns¶-¡p-dn-¨mWv kwkm-cn-¡p-¶Xv.”’’

""Fs¶-¡p-dnt¨m?''’’ AbmÄ BÝ-cy-]qÀhw tNmZn¨p. DSt\ dºn ]dªp: “""\obpw Ct¸mÄ ssZhs¯ ]co-£n-¡p-I-btÃ? {]mÀ°\ F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv tPmen sN¿p-¶-Xn\v Xpey-atÃ? tPmen sN¿p-¶-Xp-hgn `uXnI t\«-§Ä DWvSm-Ip-¶-Xp-t]mse {]mÀY\-hgn A[ym-ßnI t\«-§Ä DWvSm-Ip-¶ntÃ?''’’

       {]mÀYn-t¡-WvS-Xnsâ Bh-iy-I-Xsb tNmZyw sNbvXn-cp¶ B sNdp-¸-¡m-c³ \nÈ-_vZ-\mbn tI«p-\n¡p-t¼mÄ At±lw XpSÀ¶p ]dªp: ""`qan-bnÂ\n¶v ^e-§Ä e`n-¡p-hm³ thWvSn A[zm-\n-¡p-hm³ Bh-iy-s¸-«-h³ Xs¶-btà kzÀK-¯nÂ\n¶v A\p-{Kl-§Ä e`n-¡p-hm³ thWvSn CS-hn-SmsX {]mÀ°n-¡p-hm³ Bh-iy-s¸-«Xv?''’’

       sabvtam\v adp-]Sn ]d-bp-hm³ At¸mÄ hm¡p-I-fp-WvSm-bn-cp-¶nÃ. AbmÄ Xsâ Kpcp-hmb lnàF¶ B blqZ dºn-bpsS IqsS-bn-cp¶v {]mÀ°-\-bn ]¦p-tNÀs¶-¶mWv IY.

       CS-hn-SmsX {]mÀYn-¡p-hn³ F¶v ssZh-]p-{X-\mb tbip \s½ ]Tn-¸n-¨n-«pWvSv. F¶mÂ, \mapw Nne-t¸m-sg-¦nepw sabvtam-s\-t¸m-se-bmWv. \ap¡p thWvSXv F´m-sW¶v, ssZh-¯n\v Adn-bm-atÃm, ]ns¶ F´n\v \mw shdpsX {]mÀYn-¡Ww F¶p \mapw Nne-t¸m-sg-¦nepw tNmZn-¡m-dntÃ?

       \ap¡v F´mWv Bh-iy-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv F¶v ssZh-¯n\v Adnbmw. AXp \s½-¡mÄ \¶mbn Adn-bp-Ibpw sN¿mw. F¶mÂ, AXp-sImWvSv \mw {]mÀYn-t¡WvS Bh-iy-an-söp ]d-bp-¶-Xn henb AÀY-anÃ. ImcWw, \ap¡v Bh-iy-ap-Åh ssZh-¯nÂ\n¶v hm§m³ \mw \ÂIp¶ ssI¡q-en-b-ÃtÃm {]mÀY\.

       {]mÀY-\-bpsS Ah-k-c-¯n \ap¡v Bh-iy-ap-Åh ssZh-t¯mSp tNmZn-¡m-dpWvSv F¶Xp icn-Xs¶. F¶mÂ, {]mÀY\ F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv ssZh-t¯mSp tNmZn-¡p¶ Imcy-§-fpsS Hcp enÌv am{X-a-ÃtÃm.

       \ap¡p Poh\pw iànbpw \ÂIp¶ t{kmX-kmWv ssZhw. Ahn-Sp-¶p-ambn A\p-\n-anjw _Ô-s¸-«n-cn-t¡-WvSXv \ap¡v Bh-iy-amWv. Ahn-Sp-¶p-am-bpÅ \½psS _Ôw thÀs]-«p-t]m-bm \½psS PohnXw AÀ°-iq-\yhpw ^e-c-ln-X-hp-am-bn-¯ocpw. ssZh-hp-am-bpÅ \½psS _Ôw A\p-\n-anjw XpSÀ¶p-sIm-WvSp-t]m-Im\pw AXp iàn-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-apÅ amÀK-amWp {]mÀY\. AXp-sIm-WvSmWp \mw CS-hn-SmsX {]mÀYn-¡-W-sa¶v tbip \s½ ]Tn-¸n-¨Xv.

       {]mÀY-\-bn-eqsS \mw ssZh-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸-Sp-t¼m-gmWp \½psS PohnXw  bYmÀY-¯n  DuÀP-kz-ehpw ssNX-\y-]qÀW-hp-am-bn-¯o-cp-¶Xv. \½n A´Àeo-\-am-bn-cn-¡p¶ \·-bpsS iàn ^ew ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn-¡p-¶Xpw At¸mÄ am{X-amWv.

       a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯n {]mÀY-\-bv¡pÅ iàn a\-kn-em-¡nb tdma³ N{I-hÀ¯n-bm-bn-cp¶p alm-\mb tIm¬Ì-ssâ³ (280þ337). Hcn-¡Â At±lw tdmam km{am-Py-¯nse ap³ N{I-hÀ¯n-am-cpsS {]Xn-a-IÄ ]cn-tim-[n-¨p. B {]Xn-a-I-sfÃmw \n¡p¶ coXn-bn-em-bn-cp¶p sIm¯p-]Wn sN¿-s¸-«n-cp-¶Xv. C¡mcyw {i²n-¡m-\n-S-bmb At±lw ]dªp: “""Fsâ {]Xn-a-bp-WvSm-¡p-t¼mÄ Rm³ ap«n-t·Â \n¡p¶ coXn-bn-em-bn-cn-¡Ww {]Xn-a-bp-WvSm-t¡-WvSXv. ImcWw, Rm³ ap«n-t·Â \n¶p {]mÀYn-¨-Xp-sIm-WvSmWv ssZhw C{Xbpw [mcm-f-ambn Fs¶ A\p-{K-ln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv.” tIm¬Ì-ssâ³ CS-hn-SmsX {]mÀYn-¨-Xp-sImWvSv AXn\p {]Xn-^-e-ambn ssZhw At±-ls¯ A\p-{K-ln¨p F¶v \mw hymJym-\n-t¡WvS. tIm¬Ì-ssâ {]mÀY-\-bn-eqsS ssZh-hp-ambn Gsd _Ô-s¸-«n-cp-¶-Xp-sImWvSv ssZh-¯nsâ A\p-{K-l-§Ä \jvS-s¸-«p-t]m-ImsX kzoI-cn-¡m³ At±-l-¯n\v Ign-ªp-sh¶p [cn-¨m aXn.

{]mÀY-\-bn-eqsS \mw ssZh-¯n-te¡p I®p-I-fp-bÀ¯p-t¼mÄ Ahn-Sps¯ \·-IÄ ImWm\pw Ah kzoI-cn-¡m\pw \ap¡p Ign-bp¶p. \mw Ahn-Sps¯ \·-Ifpw A\p-{K-l-§fpw kzoI-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ \½psS PohnXw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw sa¨-amIpw F¶-Xn kwibw thWvStÃm.’’

kzÀK-¯nsâ hmXn-ep-IÄ \ap-¡mbn Ft¸mgpw Xpd-¶m-Wn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. {]mÀY-\-bn-eqsS ssZh-¯nsâ k¶n-[m-\-¯n-te¡p \ap¡p \S-¶p-sNÃmw; Ahn-Sp-¶p-ambn \ap¡p kwkm-cn¡mw; Ahn-Sps¯ A\p-{K-l-§Ä \ap¡p hm§mw. AXp-hgn \½psS PohnXw A\p-\n-anjw kt´m-j-]qÀWhpw kwXr-]vX-hp-am¡mw. \ap¡p ssZh-¯nsâ iànbpw Poh\pw \ÂIp¶ Znhy HmIvkn-P-\mWv {]mÀY\. B Znhy HmIvkn-P³ \ap¡v F¶pw izkn¡mw.